The term stout refers to a specific Irish beer, brewed from highly roasted barley. This type of beer is particularly found in the great beers brewed in Ireland, including the famous Guinness, Murphy’s, and Caffrey’s.
Stout, was originally a term that meant “strong”, “proud”, or “courageous”. It was only from the 14th century onwards that the word was used to refer to Irish beers that were considered to be strongly pronounced in bitterness and alcohol.
It was only in the 18th century that this name was restricted to a single type of beer: Porter-type beer, which has the particularity of being brown, and is brewed from highly roasted barley and malt.
As early as 1759, the Guinness brewery opened its doors to produce a beer of this type (initially called Porter, then Stout Porter). Many competitors will follow it on this way, and very quickly, Ireland sees the emergence of many stouts, such as the Murphy, or the Caffrey.
Heavily roasting the barley and malt together usually gives the stout a caramelized and slightly caffeinated taste that counterbalances the strong bitterness of the beer.
This technique also gives the stout a deep, dark brown colour, which makes it easily distinguishable from other Irish beers .
Generally speaking, stout is the most widespread beer in Ireland. It is available in all Irish pubs throughout the country, and is served on draught. (It is also sold in supermarkets, but does not have the same qualities as a pub beer).L’abus d’alcool est dangereux pour la santé. A consommer avec modération.